SOLAR 2013 Conference Proceedings

SOLAR 2013 Conference
Proceedings from the 42nd Annual National Solar Conference
Baltimore, Maryland
April 16-20, 2013

 

Tracks from the SOLAR 2013 Conference:

  • POLICY AND SUSTAINABILITY TRACK
  • FINANCE AND INDUSTRY TRACK
  • PASSIVE DAYLIGHTING TRACK
  • EMERGING ARCHITECTURE TRACK
  • CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER TRACK
  • DISTRIBUTED WIND TRACK
  • PHOTOVOLTAIC TRACK
  • RESOURCES TRACK
  • SOLAR THERMAL TRACK
  • TRANSPORTATION TRACK
  • WATER TRACK

POLICY AND SUSTAINABILITY TRACK

Hard Challenges: Soft Costs Session

State Policy Staging to Optimize Private Investment in Solar Technologies
E. Doris, V. Krasko, and D. Steward, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Paper

From the Trenches: Innovations in Distributed Generation Permitting
J. Tong, Clean Power Finance
Paper

Non-Hardware Cost Reduction Roadmap to 2020 for Residential and Commercial PV: Preliminary Findings
K. Ardani, S. Truitt, C. Davidson, and R. Margolis, National Renewable Energy Laboratory; D. Seif, J. Morris and R. Torbert, Rocky Mountain Institute
Paper

The Impact of City-Level Permitting Processes on Residential PV Installation Prices and Development Times
C. Dong and R. Wiser, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Paper

 

Net Metering + New Finance & Policy Approaches Session

Smart Fit: Renumerating PV Electricity for the High-Penetration Long-Term
R. Perez, ASRC,University at Albany; T. Thompson, NYSES; T. Hoff, Clean Power Research; L. Rawlings, Advanced Solar Products; K. Zweibel, GW Solar Institute, GW University; P. Haldar, CNSE, University at Albany and R. Lewandowski, Direct Gain Consulting
Paper

A Vision of How Micro-Investments in Solar PV Can Create a New Class of Investors
S. Levy, Tennessee Solar Energy Association and K. Lutz, AMR Strategies LLC
Paper

 

Solar in Unexpected Places Session

Successful Solar Incentive Programs Grow Solar Penetration within Low-Income Communities
G. Nichols, District of Columbia Sustainable Energy Utility, Vermont Energy Investment Corporation and S. Greschner, Grid Alternatives
Paper

Farmers Co-op, Kalona, Iowa: America’s Most Progressive Utility?
L. Gamble, J. Collins, S. Fugate, Sustainable Living Department, Maharishi University of Management and W. McKenna, Farmers Electric Cooperative, Iowa
Paper

Using a Multi-Attribute Analysis to Evaluate Renewable Energy in Wisconsin
D. Wichert and K. Osborn Renew Wisconsin, Madison
Paper

 

 

PASSIVE DAYLIGHTING TRACK

Controls, Building Automation and User Interface Session

Team ASU-UNM DOE Solar Decathlon 2013 Shade House: Combining Passive and Active Solar Designs with Architecture
S. Patibandla, M. Erdman, H. Beauchamp, M. Montoya, J. Dellis, H. Beauchamp, O. Lavrova, University of New Mexico; J. Washington, A. Taqi, J. Cribbs, P. Horton, M. Fraser, Arizona State University
Paper

Performance Optimization of Indoor Environment Control Systems
J. Chung, Sungkyunkwan University and C. Park
Paper

Energy Positive Daylighting: Combined Daylighting and Thermal Control in Commercial Buildings
J. Tandler, Skylouver Systems
Paper

Designing for the Human Factor: Economizer Efficacy and the Consideration of the User
K. Kensek, T. Lanning, T. Kohut and J. Choi, University of Southern California
Paper

 

Daylight Quality + Quantity Session

Color Reflectivity in Daylit Spaces: How Color Reflectivity Affects Experience and Performance
E. Hagenlocher, University of Oregon
Paper

A Study on Perception of Daylight Shadows and Visual Comfort in Library Reading Areas
Y. Liu, University of Oregon
Paper

Evaluating the Integration of Passive Solar and Daylight Performance: A Study Based on Design Modeling and Post-Occupancy Monitoring Results
I. Leysens and U. Passe, Iowa State University
Paper

 

Daylighting Design Session

Comparison of Five Window Shade Strategies
Y. Liu and K. Kensek, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
Paper

A Study of Optimization of the Light Shelf System in Hot and Arid Zones
S. Daich, N. Zemmouri and S. Yacine University of Biskra, Algeria
Paper

Using Physical Experiment for Predicting Hourly Daylight Quantity in Architectural Spaces with Coefficient of Utilization Method
J. Hu, W. Place and C. Konradi, NC State University
Paper

 

Building Performance Modeling and Monitoring Session

Comparing Building Performance Trends in Three Energy Simulation Programs
K. Kensek, A. Martinez, S. Singh and T. Tucker, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
Paper

Development of a Design Tool to Simulate the Thermal Performance of Direct Gain Passive Solar Systems Using TMY3 Data
A. Fernandez-Gonzalez, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Paper

Oregon Sunspace Redesign/Build: New Priorities for Thermal Mass
A. R. Rempel and A. W. Rempel, University of Oregon; K. Gates, Ken Gates Construction; B. Shaw, Barbara Shaw Management
Paper

Thermal Modeling and Experimental Validation of Naturally Ventilated Solar Greenhouse for Vegetable Crop Production in an Indian Composite Climate
N. Panwar and S. Kaushik, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi; S. Kothari, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Rajasthan, India
Paper

 

Climate, Design and Green Building Standards Session

Metrics for Buildings or Building of Metrics: A Comparison of Environmental Footprint of the Traditional vs. the Renewable in Medical Offices
A. Ragheb, Lawrence Technological University
Paper

The Shading Imperative
S. Dent, University of New Mexico
Paper

NASA Prediction of Worldwide Energy Resource High Resolution Meteorology Data For Sustainable Building Design
W. Chandler, J. Hoell, D. Westberg and T. Zhang, Science Systems & Applications and P. Stackhouse, NASA Langley Research Center
Paper

Assessment of Movable Insulation Panels’ Energy and Lighting Potential for Adaptive Façade in Architecture
C. Du Montier, A. Potvin and C. Demers, Architecture School of University Laval, Quebec, Canada
Paper

New Climate Analysis Tool for Early Phases of Building Design
P. Liedl, University of Texas at Austin
Paper

 

Solar Access Zoning Forum

Solar Access Zoning + Building Information Modeling
K. Kensek, A. Henkhaus, University of Southern California
Paper

 

EMERGING ARCHITECTURE TRACK

Passive Solar + Sustainability Design Tools Session

Multi-Disciplinary Optimization in the Early Stages of Design
S. Singh, Cuningham Group and Karen Kensek, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
Paper

Energy Simulation in Passive Design: Tools for Considering the Invisible
M. Bohm, University at Buffalo
Paper

Comparison of Solar Evaluation Tools: From Learning to Practice
S. Duluk, H. Nelson and T. Woudenberg, University of Oregon
Paper

A Parametric Study Of The Thermal Performance Of Green Roofs Through Energy Modeling
S. Mukherjee, K. Konis and J. Choi University of Southern California, Los Angeles and P. La Roche California, State Polytechnic University
Paper

Too Much of a Good Thing?  Southern Glazing Percentages + Shoulder Season Comfort Isues in a Passive House in Climate Zone 4/5
J. Hall, Jay Hall and Associates and M. Hindle, Entellis Collaborative
Paper

 

Materials, Assemblies & Building Elements Session

Combined Solar Power Production and Dynamic Shading with Energy Harvesting Electrochromic Windows (EH-ECWs)
C. Meek and A. Bruot, University of Washington
Paper

The Solar Window Project
W. Colson, M. DiFrancesco and D. Fogarty, Hunter Douglas
Paper

 

Moving Toward ZNE Session

Opportunities and Challenges in Employing Energy Analysis Early in the Integrated Design Process
R. Koti, and A. Feucht, Lord, Aeck & Sargent
Paper

Zero Net Energy Education: Are We There Yet?
M. Anderson, T. Collins and A. Kwok, University of Oregon
Paper

Retrocommissioning a Small Commercial Building to Achieve Zero-Net Energy
L. Witmer and J. Brownson, The Pennsylvania State University and A Poerschke, IBACOS
Paper

Displaying the Benefits of a Zero Energy Home – A Monitoring Case Study
C. Clark, Alfred State College and D. Kostick, IMT Solar
Paper

Passive Conference Ignite!

The SEED Library: Transportable Architecture, Student Collaboration, and Low Energy Approaches
K. Ryan and B. Drab, The Pennsylvania State University
Paper

Heliodon: A Hands-On Daylighting Educational Tool
D. Doberneck and K Knechtel, The Pennsylvania State University
Paper

 

CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER TRACK

The Power of CSP Session

A Beam-Down Central Receiver for Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production
N. Siegel, Bucknell University; I. Ermanoski, Sandia National Laboratories
Paper

Industrial Application of Concentrated Solar Heat: Exergy Analysis of a Theoretical Iron-Ethylene Production Process
W. Sheline, T. Hurst and S. Jeter, Georgia Institute of Technology
Paper

Feasibility of Various Small-Scale Low-Temperature Thermal Electricity Technologies
M. Petrov and M. Popa, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden and A. Krothapalli, Florida State University
Paper

Utilization of CSP System for Tri-Generation of Electricity, Distilled Water, and Cooling/Heating in the Southern Part of Jordan
A. Al-Maaitah, American University of Madaba, Jordan
Paper

Applying New Method for Water Pumping Based on Solar Concentrating Technique
E. Seyfali, Kish Island Free Zone; P. Amini, Isfahan Science & Technology and M. Parnianchi, Bagher Al Olom Research Institute
Paper

Estimating the Effect of Selective Absorber on CSP-Collector Performance
M. El-Refaie, Cairo University, Egypt
Paper

 

DISTRIBUTED WIND TRACK

Wind for All Session

Overcoming Barriers to Distributed Wind Energy in the Mid-Atlantic
D. Ancona, Princeton Energy Resources International and  L. Sparling, University of Maryland
Paper

Certification Testing Results and Consumer Ratings: Growing the Small Wind Market
L. Sherwood and B. Summerville, Small Wind Certification Council; H. Rhoads-Weaver and M. Gagne, eFormative Options
Paper

Control Strategy for Distributed Compressed-Air Energy Storage in Grid-Tied Small-Scale Renewable Energy Systems
M. Petrov, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden; R. Arghandeh and R. Broadwater, Virginia Tech
Paper

Wind Speed Estimation in Saudi Arabia Using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO)
M. Mohandes and S. Rehman, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals and S. Badran, Al-Baha University, Saudi Arabia
Paper

 

PHOTOVOLTAIC TRACK

Good Morning PV Session

Solar 3.0: Accelerating Market Adoption of Photovoltaic Technology
A. Truitt, SRA International and T. Tansy, SolarTech
Paper

Photovoltaic Project Development and Commissioning
A. Truitt,  J. McCabe and J. McVeigh, SRA International
Paper

 

The Global PV Scene: Are You Experienced? Session

Hybrid Solar Power in Afghanistan War Zone – Unique Engineering and Economic Factors
G. Sargent, Drs Technologies
Paper

An Analysis of Residential PV System Price Differences Between the United States and Germany
J. Seel, G. Barbose and R. Wiser, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Paper

Solar on State: A Guide to Implementation
N. Pratt and J. Crolly, Pennslyvania State University
Paper

 

How Do You Rate? Session

Comparison of the Photovoltaic Models in the System Advisor Model
N. Blair and A. Dobos, National Renewable Energy Laboratory and P. Gilman
Paper

Optimizing the Mix of Energy Storage & Long-Distance Interconnection as Solutions to Solar Resource Intermittency at High Penetrations of PV on the Grid
M. Perez and V. Fthenakis, Columbia University
Paper

 

The Transformers of PV… More Than Meets the Eye Session

Solar Cooling with Ice Thermal Storage
B. Magerman and P. Phelan, Arizona State University
Paper

Holographic Light Filtering with Photovoltaic Concentrator Systems
O. Zarse, Tucson High Magnet School
Paper

Corrosion in Solar PV Grounding and Bonding
P. Kovalov, Burndy
Paper

 

PV Testing… 123 Session

Surface Emissivity Effect on the Operating Temperature of Concentration Triple Junction Solar Cell
F. Alamri, College of Technology, Saudi Arabia and T. Mallick. University of Exeter, UK
Paper

How a DC Utility Meter Can Transform the U.S. Solar Industry
J. White, Chelan County Public Utility District
Paper

CPV Standards: Update of the Current Testing Standards & Future Developments
P. Robusto and S. Rai, Intertek
Paper

 

How to Enhance Your PV Performance + Bronx Design & Construct Academy Green Roof Session

Summary and Performance of Florida’s Sunsmart Emergency Shelters Program
W. Young, SunTreeFarm
Paper

High Resolution Performance Simulations and Shading Modeling of Sun-Tracking Photovoltaic Systems
H. Capdevila and A. Marola, Hcapdevila Independent Advisory Services, Germany; M. Azcue, University of Oldenbury, Germany
Paper

Performance Comparison of Fixed, Single, and Dual Axis Tracking Systems For Small Photovoltaic Systems with Measured Direct Beam Fraction
P. Logan and B. Raichle, Appalachian State University
Paper

Determining the Accuracy of Solar Trackers
M. Sabry and B. Raichle, Appalachian State University
Paper

Update: The Green-Roof Integrated PV Canopy Study at Bronx Design and Construction Academy
M. Perez, W. McGillis and V. Fthenakis, Columbia University; N. Wight, V. White and R. Figueroa, Bronx Design & Construction Academy
Paper

Sage-ly Solar: Online Math Tools to Teach Solar Energy
J. Ranalli, Penn State Hazleton and J. Brownson, The Pennsylvania State University
Paper

Silicon Multijunction Planar PV Cells
Y. Arbuzov, V. Evdokimov, D. Strebkov and O. Shepovalova, The All-Russian Research Institute for Electrification of Agriculture
Paper

 

RESOURCES TRACK

Solar Resource Applications Session

Surface Radiation from GOES Satellites: Improving Radiative Transfer in a Physical Model
A. Habte and M. Sengupta, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Paper

Progress Towards Deriving an Improved Long-Term Global Solar Resource
S. Cox, J. Mikovitz, T. Zhang and S. Sorlie, Science Systems & Applications; P. Stackhouse Jr., NASA Langley Research Center;  R. Preez,  K. Hemker Jr., J. Schlemmer and  S. Kivalov, State University of New York at Albany; D. Renne and M. Sengupta,  National Renewable Energy Laboratory; J. Bates and K. Knapp, National Climate Data Center
Paper

Wind Speed Estimation in Saudi Arabia Using the Particle Swarm Optimization
M. Mohandes, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals and S. Badran, Al-Baha University, Saudi Arabia
Paper

Photovoltaic Modeling with Bias Correction Using Demonstration Site Data in the Southeastern U.S.
J. Allen and R. Wang, Allen Analytics LLC and W. Hobbs,
Southern Company Service
Paper

 

Solar Variability Session

Deriving Cloud Motion Vectors From a PV Power Plant On-Site Sensors
J. Bosch and J. Kleissl, University of California, San Diego
Paper

Relating Solar Resource Variability to Cloud Type
L. Hinkelman, University of Washington; Andrew Heidinger, NOAA/NESDIS Center for Satellite Applications and Research; M. Sengupta and A. Habte, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Paper

Volatility and Deviation of Distributed Solar
A. Goldstein, Yale; A. Thornton and S. Kerrigan, Locus Energy
Paper

Using Cloud Classification to Model Solar Variability
M. Reno and J. Stein, Sandia National Laboratories
Paper

 

Solar Forecasting I Session

Behind-the-Meter PV Fleet Forecasting
T. Hoff B. Norris and J. Dise, Clean Power Research; R. Perez, ASRC, University at Albany; J. Blatchford, CISO and O. Bartholomy and T. Vargas, Sacramento Municipal Utility District
Paper

Operational Implementation and Evaluation of a Solar and Wind Integrated Forecast Tool (SWIFT) in the Hawaiian Islands
J. Freedman and J. Zack, AWS Truepower and D. Nakafuji, Hawaiian Electric Company
Paper

Comparison Between Several Parametrization Schemes in WRF for Solar Forecasting in Coastal Zones
I. López-Coto, J. Bosch, P. Mathiensen and J. Kleissl, University of California, San Diego
Paper

Recent Advances in Solar Variability Modeling and Solar Forecasting at UC San Diego
J. Kleissl, J. Bosch, B. Kurtz, M. Lave, I. Lopez, P. Mathiesen, A. Nguyen and B.Urquhart, University of California, San Diego
Paper

 

Solar Forecasting II Session

A Public-Private-Academic Partnership to Advance Solar Forecasting
S. Haupt, National Center for Atmospheric Reseach
Paper

Day-Ahead Cumulative Solar Irradiance Prediction Method Using Percent Cloud Cover Forecasts
W. Greenwood, F. Cheng, O. Lavrova and A. Mammoli, University of New Mexico and S. Willard, Public Service Company of New Mexico
Paper

Application of a Pyramidal Image Matching Scheme for Short-Term Cloud and Irradiance Prediction in the Hawaiian Islands
S. Young and J. Zack, AWS Truepower
Paper

 

Solar Resource Measurement Advances Session

Aerosol Turbidity Derivation from Broadband Irradiance Measurements: Methodological Advances and Uncertainty Analysis
C. Gueymard, Solar Consulting Services
Paper

Providing High Quality Data to Test and Validate PV Models
F. Vignola, R. Kessler, F. Lin and J. Peterson, University of Oregon and Bill Marion, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Paper

Graphical Analysis of Real Skies with the Clear Day Index: Using Penn State SURFRAD Data
K. Yates, L. Witmer and J. Brownson, Pennsylvania State University
Paper

SMUD-Neo Irradiance (SNI) Open Access Database
J. Bing, W. Thomas and  R. Williams, NEO Virtus Engineering; E. Sison-Lebrilla, O. Bartholomy and T. Vargas, Sacramento Municipal Utility District
Paper

Web-Based Mapping Applications for Solar Energy Project Planning
J. Kuiper, Argonne National Laboratory; D. Ames, Brigham Young University; D. Koehler, Boise State University; R. Lee, Idaho National Laboratory and T. Quinby, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Paper

 

THERMAL SOLAR TRACK

Solar Thermal: New Ways to Get Hot Session

CPC Evacuated Tube Collector Systems for Process Heat up to 160 °C
R. Meissner, Ritter XL Solar GmbH
Paper

A 14 Year Experimental, Modeling, Reliability and Simulation Study of a Novel Geometry ICPC Solar Collector Demonstration
W. Duff and J. Daosukho, Colorado State University
Paper

Experimental Investigation on Thermosyphon Solar Water Heater Using Carbon Dioxide as Working Fluid
R. Shukla and K. Sumathy North Dakota State University
Paper

Maximizing Thermal Cooling Efficiency and Value with Solar Cogeneration and Low-Cost Storage
A. Gains-Germain and M. Thothadri, Cogenra Solar
Paper

Experimental Investigation of a Solar LICL Dryer System
E. Yazdanshenas,  Azad University of Semnan, Iran; F. Asgari, Mazandaran Institue of Technology, Iran and E. Yazdanshenas, Ebert & Baumann Consulting Engineers, Washington D.C.
Paper

 

The Big Thermal Theory Session

Using Simple Algebraic Models and Rating Test Data to Predict Water Heater Energy Consumption Under Off-Test Conditions
J. Burch, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Paper

Analysis of the Accuracy of Using Solar Tank Energy Factor for Estimating Savings in Fielded Solar Hot Water Systems
A. Menicucci, D. Menicucci, A. Mommoli and H. He, University of New Mexico
Paper

Impact of Pilot Light Modeling on the Annual Performance of Residential Gas Water Heaters
J. Maguire and J. Burch, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Paper

Effect of Wind Speed on Performance of a Solar PV Array
B. Vick, USDA-Agricultural Research Service
Paper

 

Solar Thermal for Wonks Session

Developing a Testing Facility for the Use of Solar Thermal Collectors in Residential Heating and Cooling Applications
C. Robbins, N. Baker and R. Turner, Desert Research Institute
Paper

Thermal Compared to Solar Electric for Residential Domestic Water Heating
E. Barber Jr., Solar Consultant
Paper

Application of Adaptive Resonance Theory to Identify the Operational Status of Solar Hot Water Systems Based on Whole-House Energy Records
D. Menicucci, T. Caudell and A. Menicucci, University of New Mexico
Paper

Solar Water Heating for Universities and Colleges: Meeting a Need for Cost-Effective Green Technologies
D. Blakeway, S. Islam and M. Murad, Perennial Energy Consulting; P. Lowenthal and P. Skorochod
Paper

A Critical Look at the Utility Benefits of Solar Water Heating in an Age of Booming PV
J. Bourg, Millennium Energy; J. Cliburn, Cliburn and Associates and J. Dickinson
Paper

Solar Thermal Heating: Alive and Well
D. Gratz, M. Dion and E. Wetherby, Stiebel Eltron
Paper

 

Solar Thermal – Make it Work Session

A Side By Side Performance Analysis of Three Types of Thermal Collectors Under Varying Ratios of Direct and Diffuse Radiation
C. Pike and B. Raichle, Appalachian State University
Paper

Solar Thermal Driven Dehumidification as a Strategy to Improve Thermal Financial Performance
J. Dontje, Gustavus Adolphus College
Paper

Solar Absorption Cooling System: Some Materials and Collectors Aspects
S. Kaushik and A. Mahesh, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India
Paper

 

TRANSPORTATION TRACK

Alternative Liquid Fuels Workshop Session

Potential Effects of the Integration of Microalgae with Wastewater: Water Footprint and Resource Requirements
B. Shurtz, B. Wood and J. Quinn, Utah State University; L. Batan and T Bradley, Colorado State University
Paper

Soft Energy Will Make Light Rail Vehicle Run in the Stricken Area Without a Catenary System
H. Katsuma and Y. Harada, Shonan Research Center for Light Rail Transit; T. Kameya, Tokyo University of Technology; G. Suzuki,Tokyo Denki University and H. Asai, Waseda University
Paper

 

WATER TRACK

Big Gulf Session

Five Million Gallon/Day Net Zero Energy and Reduced Greenhouse Gas Emission Wastewater Reclamation Plant
D. Hendrickson, Libre Energy
Paper

Water, Water Everywhere Session

Experimental and Numerical Analysis of a Phase Change Storage Unit
M. Johnson, N. Breidenbach and D. Laing, German Aerospace Center, Germany; B. Hachmann, F.W. Broekelmann Aluminiumwerk GmbH & Co. KG, Germany
Paper

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